Booting problem after upgrading to ubuntu hardy (8.04)

28 May, 2008

I’ve been running 8.04 beta for a while now, with kernel 2.6.22-14 the system boots and runs just fine. However, with the recent updates to the kernel 2.6.24-15 and then to 2.6.24-16 the system fails to boot and “hangs” at the “loading” screen with the blue progress bar just moving back and forward. In the trimmed menu.lst only the last option boots.

patrickd@ubuntu:/media$ lsb_release -rd
Description: Ubuntu 8.04
Release: 8.04

===File:/boot/grub/menu.lst===
title Ubuntu 8.04, kernel 2.6.24-16-generic
root (hd0,5)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-16-generic root=UUID=761e8f2c-dd8d-4042-a5bb-2ead0c26c54e ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-16-generic
quiet

title Ubuntu 8.04, kernel 2.6.24-15-generic
root (hd0,5)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-15-generic root=UUID=761e8f2c-dd8d-4042-a5bb-2ead0c26c54e ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-15-generic
quiet

title Ubuntu 8.04, kernel 2.6.22-14-generic
root (hd0,5)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.22-14-generic root=UUID=761e8f2c-dd8d-4042-a5bb-2ead0c26c54e ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.22-14-generic
quiet

After some back and forth with the ubuntu developers it using this bug report on launchpad, It appeared that the newer versions of the kernel where unable to mount my root partition. Then after some digging about in one of my old note books I discovered that I’d come across the same problem with another distro and at the time the solution was to add “pci=nomsi” to the kernel boot options and thankfully that seemed to have solved the problem this time to.

This workaround enabled my system to boot with the ubuntu 2.4.26-16-generic kernel.

patrickd@ubuntu:~$ uname -a
Linux ubuntu 2.6.24-16-generic #1 SMP Thu Apr 10 13:23:42 UTC 2008 i686 GNU/Linux

The workaround for me was to add “pci=nomsi” to the kernel boot options, so the entry in fstab now looks like;

kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-16-generic root=UUID=761e8f2c-dd8d-4042-a5bb-2ead0c26c54e ro quiet pci=nomsi splash


Pingus and Pulseaudio on Hardy

30 April, 2008

After installing pingus on ubuntu hardy (8.04) I discovered that the sound only worked when no other applications where using the sound card, which is a bit of a pain. When trying to start pingus from a gnome terminal the following message appeared;

patrickd@battlestar:~$ pingus
Welcome to Pingus 0.7.2!
========================
data path: /usr/games/../share/games/pingus/data/
language: English (en)
font encoding: iso-8859-1
sound support: enabled
music support: enabled
resolution: 800×600
fullscreen: disabled

Unable to initialize SDL_Mixer: No available audio device
Pingus: Unknown throw caught!

The interesting thing about this error is that it doesn’t appear to be pingus specific instead a generic SDL type problem. So, once again after some googling the solution that I came up with is shown below, I had tried a couple of other ones like “$ padsp pingus”, padsp appears to be a wrapper for pulseaudio (which is the default backend for hardy) and “export SDL_AUDIODRIVER=esd et” but this didn’t work either. I even found a post which suggested using “export SDL_AUDIODRIVER=pulse” but again this didn’t work for me. In the end I installed the pulseaudio “driver” for libsdl kind of obvious when you think about it πŸ™‚ ;

patrickd@battlestar:~$ apt-cache search libsdl | grep sdl
libsdl-image1.2 – image loading library for Simple DirectMedia Layer 1.2
libsdl-image1.2-dev – development files for SDL 1.2 image loading libray
libsdl-mixer1.2 – mixer library for Simple DirectMedia Layer 1.2
libsdl-mixer1.2-dev – development files for SDL1.2 mixer library
libsdl-pango-dev – text rendering with Pango in SDL applications (development)
libsdl-pango1 – text rendering with Pango in SDL applications (shared library)
libsdl-ttf2.0-0 – ttf library for Simple DirectMedia Layer with FreeType 2 support
libsdl-ttf2.0-dev – development files for SDL ttf library (version 2.0)
libsdl1.2-dev – Simple DirectMedia Layer development files
libsdl1.2debian – Simple DirectMedia Layer
libsdl1.2debian-all – Simple DirectMedia Layer (with all available options)
libsdl1.2debian-alsa – Simple DirectMedia Layer (with X11 and ALSA options)
libsdl1.2debian-esd – Simple DirectMedia Layer (with X11 and esound options)
libsdl1.2debian-oss – Simple DirectMedia Layer (with X11 and OSS options)
libsdl-console – console that can be added to any SDL application
libsdl-console-dev – development files for libsdl-console
libsdl-erlang – Erlang bindings to the Simple Direct Media Library
libsdl-gfx1.2-4 – drawing and graphical effects extension for SDL
libsdl-gfx1.2-dev – development files for SDL_gfx
libsdl-net1.2 – network library for Simple DirectMedia Layer
libsdl-net1.2-dev – Development files for SDL network library
libsdl-ocaml – OCaml bindings for SDL – runtime files
libsdl-ocaml-dev – OCaml bindings for SDL – development files
libsdl-perl – SDL bindings for the Perl language
libsdl-ruby1.8 – Ruby/SDL interface for Ruby
libsdl-sge – extension of graphic functions for the SDL multimedia library
libsdl-sge-dev – development files for libsdl-sge
libsdl-sound1.2 – Decoder of several sound file formats for SDL
libsdl-sound1.2-dev – Development files for SDL_sound
libsdl-stretch-0-2 – stretch functions for Simple DirectMedia Layer
libsdl-stretch-dev – development files for SDL_stretch library
libsdl1.2debian-arts – Simple DirectMedia Layer (with X11 and aRts options)
libsdl1.2debian-nas – Simple DirectMedia Layer (with X11 and NAS options)
libsdl1.2debian-pulseaudio – Simple DirectMedia Layer (with X11 and PulseAudio options)

patrickd@battlestar:~$ sudo apt-get install libsdl1.2debian-pulseaudio

Now I can happily run amarok and pingus πŸ™‚ I suspect this will probably work for other SDL based games like frozen-bubble.


Missing Matlab menu’s with ubuntu

30 April, 2008

After installing matlab 7.4.0 on ubuntu hardy (8.04), I got the following stack trace on the gnome output console;

patrickd@battlestar:~$ Locking assertion failure. Backtrace:
#0 /usr/lib/libxcb-xlib.so.0 [0xb5ac0767]
#1 /usr/lib/libxcb-xlib.so.0(xcb_xlib_unlock+0x31) [0xb5ac08b1]
#2 /usr/lib/libX11.so.6(_XReply+0xfd) [0xb5e2c1bd]
#3 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/xawt/libmawt.so [0xa090826a]
#4 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/xawt/libmawt.so [0xa08ee352]
#5 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/xawt/libmawt.so [0xa08ee599]
#6 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/xawt/libmawt.so(Java_sun_awt_X11GraphicsEnvironment_initDisplay+0x24) [0xa08ee7a4]
#7 [0xadcbdb8b]
#8 [0xadcb7a7b]
#9 [0xadcb7a7b]
#10 [0xadcb5157]
#11 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/client/libjvm.so [0xb294f8ec]
#12 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/client/libjvm.so [0xb2a3e378]
#13 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/client/libjvm.so [0xb294f71f]
#14 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/client/libjvm.so(JVM_DoPrivileged+0x2db) [0xb29a7ebb]
#15 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/libjava.so(Java_java_security_AccessController_doPrivileged__Ljava_security_PrivilegedAction_2+0x3d) [0xb2f422cd]
#16 [0xadcbd43b]
#17 [0xadcb79a4]
#18 [0xadcb5157]
#19 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/client/libjvm.so [0xb294f8ec]
Locking assertion failure. Backtrace:
#0 /usr/lib/libxcb-xlib.so.0 [0xb5ac0767]
#1 /usr/lib/libxcb-xlib.so.0(xcb_xlib_lock+0x2e) [0xb5ac081e]
#2 /usr/lib/libX11.so.6 [0xb5e2b518]
#3 /usr/lib/libX11.so.6(XGetVisualInfo+0x26) [0xb5e220a6]
#4 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/xawt/libmawt.so [0xa08ed227]
#5 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/xawt/libmawt.so [0xa08ed4b8]
#6 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/xawt/libmawt.so [0xa08ee6e0]
#7 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/xawt/libmawt.so(Java_sun_awt_X11GraphicsEnvironment_initDisplay+0x24) [0xa08ee7a4]
#8 [0xadcbdb8b]
#9 [0xadcb7a7b]
#10 [0xadcb7a7b]
#11 [0xadcb5157]
#12 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/client/libjvm.so [0xb294f8ec]
#13 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/client/libjvm.so [0xb2a3e378]
#14 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/client/libjvm.so [0xb294f71f]
#15 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/client/libjvm.so(JVM_DoPrivileged+0x2db) [0xb29a7ebb]
#16 /opt/matlab/sys/java/jre/glnx86/jre1.5.0/lib/i386/libjava.so(Java_java_security_AccessController_doPrivileged__Ljava_security_PrivilegedAction_2+0x3d) [0xb2f422cd]
#17 [0xadcbd43b]
#18 [0xadcb79a4]
#19 [0xadcb5157]

Which appears to be causing the standard menus in matlab not to display, after trying various solutions found around the great wide inter web, the one that finally worked for me was to edit the matlab startup script at <$matlab_home>/bin/matlab and insert the following at the top of the file;

export AWT_TOOLKIT=MToolkit

After editing the matlab startup script it now looks like;

patrickd@battlestar:~$ head /opt/matlab/bin/matlab
#!/bin/sh
export AWT_TOOLKIT=MToolkit
#
# Name:
# matlab script file for invoking MATLAB
#
# Usage:
# matlab [-h|-help] | [-n | -e]

Note: This doesn’t actually appear to stop the error message above from appearing in the terminal window, it does however allow the menus to display which for now is all I need to fix. If I later discover that the error message is causing something else not to work in Matlab then I ‘ll update this post.


Google toolbar bookmarks with Firefox-2 on Ubuntu Hardy (8.04)

30 April, 2008

After upgrading to ubuntu hardy (8.04) and trying to use Firefox 3b5 for a couple of days. I’ve decided to go back to using the Firefox 2.* series for browsing the web, as a lot of the extensions that I use day to day still aren’t supported in ff 3b5. So, I installed firefox 2 with the following command;

$ sudo apt-get install firefox-2

After installing firefox 2, I then tried to install google toolbar and got an error that the toolbar couldn’t be installed, after searching around the web. The solution that worked for me was to shutdown Firefox 2 and remove the preferences directory using;

$ rm -rf ~/.mozilla

When I restarted Firefox I was now able to install google toolbar. Unfortunately, after installing it and signing in using my gmail account, I was unable to access my bookmarks as I was just getting “downloading bookmarks” displayed when trying to access Bookmarks on the toolbar. No problem I thought I’ll just restart Firefox and hopefully that will fix it. Alas, this didn’t fix it. A little while later and a lot of forum searching and I finally happened upon a solution that worked for me, it involved installing the libstdc++5 library;

$sudo apt-get install libstdc++5

Then starting Firefox and disabling the google toolbar extension, restarting firefox and then enabling google toolbar extension and hey presto everything worked as expected.


Using Xilinx USB cable on LinuxMint / Ubuntu without windvr

8 April, 2008

This post is based on information found at the Xilinx JTAG information page . Using the Xilinx JTAG usb programmer without using the proprietary windvr.o (which no longer seems to work with modern kernel’s) kernel module requires that we use the open source libusb driver. There are a number of ways to obtain the driver but I prefer to install from source. The source can be obtained by using the command shown below and as the cable driver will be installed into the /opt/xilinx directory which my normal account (patrickd) doesn’t have write permissions to (/opt/xilinx must be written to using the sudo command or I could sudo to root and install from there, I could also allow write access to the /opt/xilinx but patrickd account but I prefer not to).

patrickd@patrickd-desktop:/opt/xilinx$ sudo git clone git://git.zerfleddert.de/usb-driver

Which generates the following error because git isn’t installed yet;

sudo: git: command not found

To install the Git source control system, run the following command;

patrickd@patrickd-desktop:/opt/xilinx$ sudo apt-get install gitk git-gui
Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
nautilus-actions
Use ‘apt-get autoremove’ to remove them.
The following extra packages will be installed:
git-core libdigest-sha1-perl liberror-perl tcl8.4 tk8.4
Suggested packages:
git-arch git-cvs git-svn git-email git-daemon-run gitweb cogito tclreadline
Recommended packages:
git-doc curl
The following NEW packages will be installed
git-core git-gui gitk libdigest-sha1-perl liberror-perl tcl8.4 tk8.4
0 upgraded, 7 newly installed, 0 to remove and 2 not upgraded.
Need to get 6206kB of archives.
After unpacking 14.6MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]?

Once git is installed its time to try and reinstall the libusb driver, by running the previous command;

patrickd@patrickd-desktop:/opt/xilinx$ sudo git clone git://git.zerfleddert.de/usb-driver

Which will generate the following output although the actual values may differ;

Initialized empty Git repository in /opt/xilinx/usb-driver/.git/
remote: Counting objects: 551, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (325/325), done.
Indexing 551 objects…
remote: Total 551 (delta 315), reused 417 (delta 226)
100% (551/551) done
Resolving 315 deltas…
100% (315/315) done

Change into the lib usb-driver directory then read the README file and attempt to ‘make’ or build the libusb driver;

patrickd@patrickd-desktop:/opt/xilinx$ cd usb-driver/
patrickd@patrickd-desktop:/opt/xilinx/usb-driver$ gedit README
patrickd@patrickd-desktop:/opt/xilinx/usb-driver$ sudo make

Unfortunately this will generate the following set of errors;

patrickd@patrickd-desktop:/opt/xilinx/usb-driver$ make
cc -Wall -fPIC -DUSB_DRIVER_VERSION=”\”2008-04-08 22:39:18\”” usb-driver.c parport.c config.c jtagmon.c -o libusb-driver.so -ldl -lusb -lpthread -shared
usb-driver.c:26:19: error: dlfcn.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:28:20: error: stdlib.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:29:20: error: string.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:30:20: error: unistd.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:31:19: error: fcntl.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:32:23: error: sys/types.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:33:22: error: sys/stat.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:34:22: error: sys/time.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:35:19: error: stdio.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:36:17: error: usb.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:37:20: error: signal.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:38:21: error: pthread.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:39:19: error: errno.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:40:22: error: inttypes.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:41:23: error: sys/ioctl.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:42:25: error: sys/utsname.h: No such file or directory
usb-driver.c:43:27: error: bits/wordsize.h: No such file or directory
In file included from usb-driver.c:44:
usb-driver.h:253: error: expected specifier-qualifier-list before β€˜uint32_t’
usb-driver.c:47: error: β€˜NULL’ undeclared here (not in a function)
usb-driver.c:52: error: expected β€˜=’, β€˜,’, β€˜;’, β€˜asm’ or β€˜__attribute__’ before β€˜*’ token
usb-driver.c:53: error: expected β€˜=’, β€˜,’, β€˜;’, β€˜asm’ or β€˜__attribute__’ before β€˜*’ token
usb-driver.c:58: error: expected β€˜=’, β€˜,’, β€˜;’, β€˜asm’ or β€˜__attribute__’ before β€˜*’ token
usb-driver.c:62: error: expected β€˜=’, β€˜,’, β€˜;’, β€˜asm’ or β€˜__attribute__’ before β€˜int_wait’
usb-driver.c: In function β€˜hexdump’:
usb-driver.c:70: warning: implicit declaration of function β€˜fprintf’
usb-driver.c:70: warning: incompatible implicit declaration of built-in function β€˜fprintf’
usb-driver.c:70: error: β€˜stderr’ undeclared (first use in this function)
usb-driver.c:70: error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only once
usb-driver.c:70: error: for each function it appears in.)
usb-driver.c:74: warning: incompatible implicit declaration of built-in function β€˜fprintf’

In order to build the libusb driver, the libusb-dev files are required. Fortunately these files are currently available in the Debian archives and can be installed via the following command;

patrickd@patrickd-desktop:/opt/xilinx/usb-driver$ sudo apt-get install libusb-dev
Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
nautilus-actions
Use ‘apt-get autoremove’ to remove them.
The following extra packages will be installed:
libc6-dev linux-libc-dev
Suggested packages:
glibc-doc manpages-dev
The following NEW packages will be installed
libc6-dev libusb-dev linux-libc-dev
0 upgraded, 3 newly installed, 0 to remove and 2 not upgraded.
Need to get 3978kB of archives.
After unpacking 17.6MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue [Y/n]?

Now to re-run the ‘make’ command;

patrickd@patrickd-desktop:/opt/xilinx/usb-driver$ sudo make
cc -Wall -fPIC -DUSB_DRIVER_VERSION=”\”2008-04-08 22:39:18\”” usb-driver.c parport.c config.c jtagmon.c -o libusb-driver.so -ldl -lusb -lpthread -shared
cc -DDEBUG -Wall -fPIC -DUSB_DRIVER_VERSION=”\”2008-04-08 22:39:18\”” usb-driver.c parport.c config.c jtagmon.c -o libusb-driver-DEBUG.so -ldl -lusb -lpthread -shared

Once the driver has been build it must be added to the environment variables, this is done by adding the following to .bashrc;

export LD_PRELOAD=/opt/xilinx/usb-driver/libusb-driver.so

Once this step has been completed the final step is to add the USB driver to the udev rules set, this is achieved by (taken from http://www.itee.uq.edu.au/~listarch/microblaze-uclinux/archive/2007/03/msg00101.html );

5) Make a new udev rule set file
$ sudo vi /etc/udev/rules.d/50-xilinx-usb-pav.rules # a new file with
arbitrary name (“50″ is recommended)
6) paste the following into this file, and save it
ACTION==”add”, BUS==”usb”, SYSFS{idVendor}==”03fd”, MODE=”666″
7) restart udev with:
$ /etc/init.d/udev restart


Getting started with LinuxMint

8 April, 2008

After distro hopping for a number of years around most of the available popular Linux distributions including fedora, centos, redhat, kubuntu, ubuntu, archlinux, mandriva, ulteo, gentoo and even some flavours of *bsd. I’ve finally decided to settle (at least for a while πŸ™‚ ) on LinuxMint 4.0 which is based on ubuntu but just to me appears to be a *lot* prettier πŸ™‚

I intend to use at least part of this blog to keep track of how things progress and to document any issues that I encounter with my day to day usage.

Stay tuned.